Nayib Bukele Wins Re-Election in El Salvador

February 5, 2024 | by


El Salvador’s bitcoin-friendly President, Nayib Bukele, has emerged victorious in the country’s re-election, according to exit polls conducted shortly after voting ended on Sunday evening. This outcome was widely anticipated, as Bukele, who has served as president since 2019, enjoyed significant popularity and held a commanding lead in pre-election polls. During his first term, Bukele garnered attention for his crackdown on gang violence and his support for bitcoin, making El Salvador the first nation to adopt the cryptocurrency as legal tender. However, this move was met with some criticism from international organizations like the International Monetary Fund. Bukele’s victory signals the continuation of his pro-crypto agenda, including plans to issue bitcoin-backed bonds and establish a BTC mining industry powered by renewable energy.

Nayib Bukele Wins Re-Election in El Salvador


Nayib Bukele, the bitcoin-friendly president of El Salvador, has secured re-election for another five-year term. Exit polls conducted shortly after the voting ended on Sunday evening indicate that Bukele is leading with an overwhelming majority. This result does not come as a surprise, as Bukele had enjoyed significant popularity throughout his first term as president and held a substantial lead in pre-election polling.

Background on Nayib Bukele

Nayib Bukele took office as the President of El Salvador in 2019, following a landslide victory in the presidential elections. Prior to assuming the presidency, Bukele served as the mayor of San Salvador, the capital city of El Salvador. He is known for his strong leadership style and has garnered attention both domestically and internationally for his innovative policies and initiatives.

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Importance of the Re-Election

Bukele’s re-election holds great significance for both domestic and international politics. Domestically, his victory reflects the strong support he enjoys among the people of El Salvador and reaffirms their trust in his leadership. This re-election provides Bukele with an opportunity to continue implementing his vision for the country and drive forward the reforms and changes he has promised.

Internationally, Bukele’s re-election may have implications for how other nations view and engage with El Salvador. His bold decisions during his first term, such as adopting bitcoin as legal tender, have drawn global attention and sparked debates about the future of cryptocurrency. Bukele’s continued presence as the leader of El Salvador could shape the country’s reputation and influence its relationships with international organizations and governments.

Exit Poll Results

Exit polls conducted shortly after the voting ended indicate that Nayib Bukele is leading by a significant margin in the re-election race. While the exact percentage of votes won by Bukele has not been officially announced, the exit polls suggest overwhelming support for the incumbent president. These results align with pre-election polling, which consistently showed Bukele as the frontrunner.

Popular Support for Bukele

Nayib Bukele enjoys strong popular support in El Salvador, which has contributed to his success in both the previous and current elections. The reasons behind his popularity are multifaceted. Bukele is seen by many as a charismatic and dynamic leader who has taken decisive action to address the country’s challenges. His efforts to combat gang violence and his focus on infrastructure development have resonated with the population.

Additionally, Bukele’s ability to connect with people through social media has played a significant role in building his support base. He leverages platforms like Twitter to communicate directly with the public, sharing updates on government initiatives and responding to citizen concerns. This direct and accessible approach has endeared him to many Salvadorans.

However, Bukele has faced challenges during his campaign, including criticism from opposition groups and accusations of authoritarian tendencies. Nevertheless, his popularity has remained strong, indicating the enduring support he has among a significant portion of the population.

Bukele’s First Term Achievements

During his first term as president, Nayib Bukele achieved notable successes in various areas. His administration implemented policies and initiatives that had a significant impact on the country’s economy and society. Bukele’s focus on infrastructure development resulted in the construction and improvement of roads, bridges, and other essential facilities, enhancing connectivity and facilitating economic growth.

Furthermore, Bukele’s government launched social programs aimed at improving the lives of disadvantaged Salvadorans, including initiatives to combat poverty and inequality. These efforts included providing financial support to vulnerable families, promoting education and healthcare services, and implementing measures to stimulate entrepreneurship and job creation.

Adoption of Bitcoin as Legal Tender

One of the most groundbreaking decisions made during Bukele’s first term was the adoption of bitcoin as legal tender in El Salvador. In June 2021, El Salvador became the first country in the world to recognize bitcoin as a legitimate currency for everyday transactions. This move aimed to promote financial inclusion and attract investment by leveraging the benefits of cryptocurrency.

The decision to adopt bitcoin as legal tender was met with both support and criticism. Proponents argue that it opens up new opportunities for economic growth and offers an alternative financial system that is more accessible and inclusive. Critics, on the other hand, cite concerns about the volatility and potential risks associated with cryptocurrencies and question the implications for El Salvador’s financial stability.

Introduction of the Chivo Wallet

As part of the efforts to facilitate the use of bitcoin, the Bukele administration introduced the Chivo wallet. The Chivo wallet is a digital wallet system designed to enable Salvadorans to send, receive, and store bitcoin. The government distributed free bitcoin to citizens as an incentive for adopting the Chivo wallet and using bitcoin for transactions.

The Chivo wallet was met with a mixed response. While some Salvadorans embraced the new technology and found it convenient, others encountered technical difficulties and reported challenges in accessing and using the wallet effectively. The government has continually addressed these issues and made efforts to improve the user experience.

Investment in Bitcoin

In addition to adopting bitcoin as legal tender, the government of El Salvador also invested in the cryptocurrency. Bukele announced that the country had purchased a significant amount of bitcoin to hold as a store of value and potentially generate investment returns. This move aimed to leverage the potential growth and value appreciation of bitcoin, which has gained significant attention in global financial markets.


The government’s bitcoin investment strategy has received mixed reactions. Supporters argue that it diversifies El Salvador’s reserves and positions the country as a pioneer in cryptocurrency adoption. Critics, however, raise concerns about the potential risks associated with investing in a highly volatile asset, especially considering El Salvador’s economic challenges and reliance on external aid.

Criticism from International Organizations

Despite the domestic popularity of Bukele and his policies, his administration has faced criticism from international organizations. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) expressed concerns about El Salvador’s adoption of bitcoin as legal tender and raised apprehensions about the potential risks and consequences. Other international financial institutions have also emphasized the need for caution and detailed analysis before embracing cryptocurrencies at the national level.

This criticism highlights the ongoing debate surrounding the role of cryptocurrencies in global finance and the potential challenges they pose to established financial systems. El Salvador’s decision to adopt bitcoin has prompted discussions about regulatory frameworks, consumer protections, and the implications for cross-border transactions.

Plans for Bitcoin-Backed Volcano Bonds

El Salvador has plans to issue bitcoin-backed “Volcano bonds” in the near future. These bonds would be denominated in bitcoin and funded through the country’s bitcoin reserves. The proceeds from the bond issuance would be used to support the development of a Bitcoin mining industry in El Salvador, powered solely by renewable energy sources.

The introduction of bitcoin-backed Volcano bonds is seen as a significant step towards leveraging the country’s natural resources and promoting sustainable cryptocurrency mining practices. It also represents El Salvador’s commitment to becoming a leader in the crypto industry.

In conclusion, Nayib Bukele’s re-election as the president of El Salvador reflects the strong popular support he enjoys and signifies the continuation of his bold and innovative policies. The adoption of bitcoin as legal tender and the introduction of the Chivo wallet have positioned El Salvador at the forefront of cryptocurrency adoption. While facing criticism from international organizations, Bukele’s administration remains determined to advance its vision for the country, including plans for bitcoin-backed Volcano bonds. The implications of these developments will continue to be closely observed both domestically and internationally.


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