The Rise of Chain Abstraction: A Paradigm Shift in the Crypto Industry

December 21, 2023 | by


“The Rise of Chain Abstraction: A Paradigm Shift in the Crypto Industry” is an article written by Illia Polosukhin, CEO of the NEAR Foundation. In this thought-provoking piece, Polosukhin explores the concept of chain abstraction and its potential implications for the crypto industry. The author argues that as technology advances, blockchains and infrastructure will increasingly fade into the background, becoming invisible to users and developers. Polosukhin emphasizes the importance of prioritizing user experiences and delivering better products rather than getting caught up in tribalism and maximalism. This shift towards chain abstraction is expected to lead to a more unified and flexible ecosystem, allowing for easier movement between apps and reducing the need for managing multiple wallets and accounts. With NEAR’s partnerships in developing a cross-chain ecosystem, Polosukhin envisions a future where the industry prioritizes user needs and product development, thus achieving broader adoption of the “open web”.

The Rise of Chain Abstraction: A Paradigm Shift in the Crypto Industry

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The crypto industry has undergone significant transformations since its inception, with blockchain technology at the forefront of these innovations. However, as the industry matures, a new concept called chain abstraction is emerging as a potential game-changer. In this article, we will explore the concept of chain abstraction, its potential impact on the crypto industry, and how it can contribute to the broader adoption of the open web.

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Understanding Chain Abstraction

Chain abstraction refers to the idea that blockchains and infrastructure will become increasingly invisible to users and developers. It is a paradigm shift that aims to simplify interactions with decentralized systems by abstracting away the complexities of different chains. Instead of needing to understand the intricacies of individual blockchains, users can seamlessly interact with multiple chains through a unified interface.

The Potential Impact of Chain Abstraction

The potential impact of chain abstraction on the crypto industry is significant. One of the key benefits is the ability to enable seamless movement between applications. With chain abstraction, users can easily switch between different dApps (decentralized applications) without the need to manage multiple wallets and accounts. This enhances user experience and reduces friction in the ecosystem.

Furthermore, chain abstraction promotes interoperability and flexibility in the crypto industry. By abstracting away the differences between chains, developers can build applications that interact with multiple blockchains, opening up new possibilities for innovation and collaboration. This interoperability also fosters a more inclusive ecosystem where different chains can coexist and benefit from one another’s strengths.

Focusing on User Experiences

In the pursuit of chain abstraction, it is crucial to prioritize user needs and deliver better products and experiences. While ideologies and tribalism may dominate the industry discourse, the true measure of success lies in creating user-friendly interfaces and interactions. It is important to avoid getting caught up in ideological battles and instead put the user experience at the forefront.

By focusing on a user-centric approach, the crypto industry can overcome the challenges of complexity and technical jargon that often deter mainstream adoption. Designing intuitive interfaces and simplifying processes will enable a broader audience to comfortably navigate the decentralized landscape, ultimately driving adoption and mainstream acceptance.

Moving Towards a Unified Ecosystem

The vision of a unified crypto ecosystem lies at the core of chain abstraction. Breaking down the barriers between different blockchains is essential for seamless interactions and transactions. With chain abstraction, users can securely move assets between applications, eliminating the need for centralized exchanges or complex cross-chain protocols.

Furthermore, a unified ecosystem fosters innovation and collaboration among different chains. Rather than competing against one another, different chains can complement each other’s strengths and work towards common goals. This collaborative approach promotes the shared vision of the open web and facilitates the broader adoption of decentralized systems.

Advancements in Zero-Knowledge Proofs

Zero-knowledge proofs (ZK) play a significant role in enhancing ledger security and privacy. With the advent of chain abstraction, ZK proofs become even more relevant in enabling privacy-preserving transactions across chains. By leveraging cryptographic techniques, ZK proofs allow users to validate transactions without revealing any sensitive information.

The advancements in ZK proofs contribute to the broader adoption of chain abstraction by ensuring the security and privacy of users’ interactions with decentralized systems. As more applications implement ZK technology, users can confidently engage with the open web, knowing that their privacy is protected.

Developing Cross-Chain Solutions

While chain abstraction aims to simplify interactions with decentralized systems, there is still a need for cross-chain solutions to address challenges in interoperability. Cross-chain solutions enable seamless transactions and asset movement between different blockchains, further enhancing the benefits of chain abstraction.

Exploring different approaches to enable cross-chain transactions is crucial for the success of a unified ecosystem. Developing standardized protocols and interoperability frameworks will facilitate seamless integration between chains, reducing complexities for developers and improving user experiences. These cross-chain solutions are instrumental in achieving the goals of chain abstraction and unlocking the full potential of the crypto industry.

NEAR’s Partnership and Collaborations

In line with the vision of a unified and user-centric ecosystem, NEAR has been actively collaborating with other organizations in the crypto industry. Through these partnerships, NEAR aims to promote cross-chain collaboration and develop solutions for smoother user experiences.


By working together with other industry players, NEAR strives to drive innovation and adoption of chain abstraction. By leveraging the strengths and expertise of different organizations, NEAR can contribute to building a more robust and inclusive crypto ecosystem. These partnerships play a crucial role in achieving the broader adoption of the open web and showcasing the potential of chain abstraction.

Prioritizing User Needs and Product Development

To achieve broader adoption of the open web, it is imperative to prioritize user needs and focus on product development. While technical advancements are essential, they must align with the expectations and requirements of users. By delivering better products and experiences, the crypto industry can bridge the gap between decentralized systems and mainstream users.

Educating users and increasing awareness about decentralized systems are also key components of achieving broader adoption. By providing educational resources and promoting user-friendly applications, the industry can overcome misconceptions and empower users to engage with the open web confidently. Collaborative efforts and industry-wide initiatives can drive adoption and mainstream acceptance, propelling the crypto industry into the future.

Achieving Broader Adoption of the Open Web

The success of the open web relies on broader adoption and mainstream acceptance. Through the concept of chain abstraction, the crypto industry can overcome barriers and complexities, making decentralized systems more accessible to users worldwide.

By prioritizing user needs, focusing on user experiences, collaborating with industry partners, and driving innovation, the crypto industry can achieve the broader adoption of the open web. Adopting a user-centric approach and delivering intuitive interfaces is instrumental in dispelling the notion that blockchain technology is only for technical experts.

In conclusion, chain abstraction represents a paradigm shift in the crypto industry. By abstracting away the complexities of different chains, users can seamlessly interact with decentralized systems. This promotes interoperability, enhances user experiences, and furthers the adoption of the open web. With the industry prioritizing user needs and collaborating towards a unified ecosystem, the potential of chain abstraction can be fully realized, propelling the crypto industry into a new era of innovation and inclusivity.

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