Estonia Approves Groundbreaking Bill to Regulate Crypto Service Providers

March 24, 2024 | by


Estonia is shaking up the crypto industry with its groundbreaking bill that aims to regulate crypto service providers. The bill, waiting in the wings to be introduced in parliament, will bring these providers under the watch of the Financial Supervision Authority (FSA), with stricter regulations and a significant increase in fines for non-compliance. Estonia’s move aligns with the European Union’s Markets in Crypto-Assets (MiCA) regulations and showcases their commitment to being a trusted player in the crypto space. Additionally, the country is raising the threshold for detailed prospectuses, making it easier for companies to raise capital. With these changes, Estonia aims to protect its reputation, weed out bad actors, and promote a clean and credible crypto industry. The question remains: which players in the crypto industry will rise to the occasion and embrace Estonia’s crypto revolution?

Overview of the Bill

Estonia’s move towards crypto regulation is a significant step in bringing clarity and oversight to the crypto industry within the country. The transition from the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) to the Financial Supervision Authority (FSA) as the regulatory body responsible for overseeing crypto service providers marks a major shift in the regulatory landscape.

One key aspect of the new bill is the increase in fines for non-compliance. Previously, fines for violations of crypto regulations were relatively low, at a maximum of 40,000 euros. However, under the new legislation, fines can reach up to a staggering 5 million euros. This increase in penalties demonstrates the seriousness with which Estonia is approaching the regulation of crypto service providers.


The Road to Crypto Clarity

Prior to the introduction of the new bill, Estonia had a relatively light-touch approach to regulating crypto firms. As long as these firms complied with Anti-Money Laundering (AML) rules, they could operate with minimal oversight from the FIU. However, the new legislation changes this dynamic and places greater responsibility on the FSA to regulate and supervise crypto service providers.

One of the driving factors behind this change is Estonia’s desire to align itself with the European Union’s Markets in Crypto-Assets (MiCA) regulations. By adopting similar regulations, Estonia aims to maintain its status as a trusted player in the global crypto industry. Additionally, the new legislation includes an increase in the threshold for when a detailed prospectus is required, from 5 million euros to 8 million euros. This change aims to facilitate capital raising for crypto startups and established players, making it easier to attract investment without burdensome paperwork.


A New Dawn for Crypto in Estonia

In the past, Estonia was known for its crypto-friendly laws and welcomed blockchain businesses with open arms. However, a corruption scandal unrelated to the crypto industry prompted a regulatory crackdown. The country realized the need for a significant cleanup to protect its reputation and maintain its position in the crypto market.

As a result, the number of licensed crypto firms in Estonia dramatically decreased. From over a thousand companies, only around 50 remain. This regulatory storm has weeded out weaker players, ensuring that only the strongest and most committed crypto firms are operating in Estonia.


Opinions on the new regulations vary within the crypto industry. Some believe that the regulations are too stringent and are hindering innovation, while others argue that the regulations are necessary to weed out bad actors and enhance the overall credibility and cleanliness of the crypto space.

Estonia’s Finance Minister Leading the Mission

Mart Võrklaev, Estonia’s Finance Minister, is at the forefront of driving these regulatory changes. With a steady hand, he is guiding the country towards a more robust and compliant crypto industry. Võrklaev is confident that legitimate crypto players will rise to the challenge and secure licenses under the new regulatory framework while continuing to innovate within the boundaries of the law.


This balancing act between fostering innovation and ensuring compliance is crucial for the long-term sustainability and success of the crypto industry in Estonia.

Comparison with India’s Approach

While Estonia is embracing crypto regulation to enhance oversight and protect its financial ecosystem, India is taking a different approach. India is tightening its grip on the crypto industry, which has led to major players like OKX leaving the country. This contrast highlights the diverse approaches countries are taking towards crypto regulation.

Each country must navigate the complexities and challenges of regulating this emerging industry while considering factors such as investor protection, financial stability, and technological innovation.

The Challenge for the Crypto Industry

The crypto industry is facing the challenge of adapting to Estonia’s regulatory changes. With stricter regulations and higher penalties for non-compliance, crypto companies operating in Estonia must ensure that they meet the new requirements. Failure to do so can have significant implications for the industry and may result in fines or suspension of operations.

These regulatory changes also have broader implications for the crypto industry as a whole. It demonstrates the increasing focus on oversight and regulation, as governments around the world grapple with how to approach the growing crypto market.

The impact on Estonia’s crypto revolution remains to be seen. The new regulations aim to strike a balance between fostering innovation and ensuring compliance, but there are differing opinions on whether these regulations will effectively achieve their intended goals. Only time will tell how the crypto industry in Estonia will evolve in response to these regulatory changes.



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