Global inflation and interest rates tracker: see how your country compares

March 21, 2024 | by


The Financial Times presents the “Global inflation and interest rates tracker: see how your country compares,” providing valuable insights into the current state of global inflation and central bank policies. As inflationary pressures begin to ease worldwide, central banks are expected to lower borrowing costs, with many already implementing rate cuts. This comprehensive tracker showcases the visual narrative of consumer price inflation and central bank policy rates around the world, allowing readers to stay informed about the factors influencing borrowing costs and how different countries are addressing rising prices. By monitoring inflation and interest rates globally, readers gain a deeper understanding of the economic landscape and its potential impact on their own countries.

Global Inflation and Interest Rates Tracker

Global inflation and interest rates tracker: see how your country compares


Global inflation and interest rates have become critical factors in assessing the health and stability of economies worldwide. Central banks play a crucial role in influencing borrowing costs and managing inflation, making their actions and decisions vital in the global economic landscape. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of global inflation and interest rates, exploring the factors influencing policymakers’ decisions and the impact on various sectors of the economy.


Borrowing Cost Reductions

Expectations of lower borrowing costs have emerged as global inflationary pressures begin to ease. Central banks around the world are expected to respond by implementing rate cuts to support economic growth and mitigate the effects of inflation. Many emerging markets have already taken action by reducing borrowing costs, while major central banks such as the US Federal Reserve, the European Central Bank, and the Bank of England are forecasted to follow suit.

Global inflation and interest rates tracker: see how your country compares


Central Banks’ Actions

Central banks across the globe have played a significant role in addressing the challenges posed by inflation and interest rates. In emerging markets, central banks have taken proactive measures to cut rates, boosting economic activity and alleviating borrowing costs. The US Federal Reserve, European Central Bank, and Bank of England are closely monitoring the situation and are poised to implement rate cuts in response to inflationary pressures.

Factors Affecting Policymakers’ Decisions

Several factors influence policymakers’ decisions regarding borrowing costs and inflation. Rising prices and interest rates pose challenges for central banks, as they strive to strike a balance between stimulating economic growth and controlling inflationary pressures. Policymakers closely monitor economic indicators, market trends, and international factors to make informed decisions.


Global inflation and interest rates tracker: see how your country compares

Synchronized Increase in Interest Rates

In response to rising prices, central banks globally have implemented a synchronized increase in interest rates. These measures aim to curb inflationary pressures and maintain price stability. Central banks play a crucial role in managing interest rates to achieve their inflation targets and ensure the overall health of the economy.


Easing Price Growth

Higher borrowing costs have played a pivotal role in easing the rapid pace of price growth experienced globally in recent years. As inflation rates begin to stabilize, borrowing costs have provided a much-needed respite for consumers and businesses. This has contributed to a more balanced and sustainable economic environment.

Global inflation and interest rates tracker: see how your country compares

Journey to Central Banks’ Inflation Targets

Reaching central banks’ inflation targets is often a challenging journey. While inflation rates have decreased in most nations, policymakers face the arduous task of achieving their target inflation rates, typically around 2% in advanced economies. Striving to strike a delicate balance between economic growth and price stability, central banks employ a range of tools and strategies to reach their inflation targets.

Monitoring Inflation and Interest Rates

Monitoring inflation and interest rates is crucial for policymakers and market participants alike. Detailed monitoring enables policymakers to make informed decisions, while investors and market participants gain valuable insights into the economic landscape. Country-specific inflation and interest rate data provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of economies worldwide.

Global inflation and interest rates tracker: see how your country compares

Measures for Future Inflation and Policy Rates

To anticipate future inflation and policy rates, economists and market analysts closely analyze and track various economic measures. These measures, such as wholesale energy costs and government bond yields, offer valuable insights into possible inflationary trends and serve as indicators for future monetary policy decisions. By closely monitoring these measures, policymakers can make well-informed and timely adjustments to borrowing costs and inflation targets.

Wholesale Energy Costs

Wholesale energy costs serve as a vital metric in understanding potential price pressures consumers may face in the coming months. Rising energy prices have been a significant driver of inflation in recent years. However, with the retreat of gas and electricity costs from their peak levels during the energy crisis, consumers can expect some relief from escalating energy-related inflation.

2-Year Government Bond Yields

The yields on 2-year government bonds provide crucial information about market expectations for interest rates in the near future. These yields reflect market sentiment and expectations regarding changes in borrowing costs. Investors and market participants closely monitor these yields to gain insights into potential shifts in monetary policy and interest rates.

Concerns with Asset Prices

Asset prices, particularly in the housing market, have raised concerns among policymakers. The sharp increase in house prices during the pandemic has led to significant affordability challenges for many. However, the impact of higher borrowing costs has resulted in a slowdown in house price growth in several countries. Policymakers closely monitor these developments to gauge the implications on the overall economy and financial stability.

Housing Market Impact

The housing market’s impact on the broader economy cannot be understated. As housing prices and borrowing costs intersect, policymakers must carefully manage this dynamic to ensure a stable and sustainable housing market. The fluctuations in house prices can have a ripple effect across various sectors, impacting consumer spending, construction activity, and financial markets.


The global inflation and interest rates landscape remains a key focus for central banks, policymakers, and market participants. With the easing of inflationary pressures and efforts to support economic growth, central banks worldwide are implementing measures to reduce borrowing costs. However, achieving inflation targets and maintaining price stability remains a complex challenge. By closely monitoring inflation and interest rates, policymakers can make informed decisions that promote sustainable economic growth and stability.



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